When you have a brain tumor, your Neurologist is often the first to diagnose the problem with diagnostic tests such as an MRI. Your Neurologist will then work with your medical team to determine the best form of treatment. Treatment may include surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
Hydrocephalus is a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to brain swelling. The goal of treatment is to reduce or prevent brain damage by improving the flow of CSF. Surgery may be done to remove a blockage, if possible. If not, a flexible tube called a shunt may be placed in the brain to reroute the flow of CSF. The shunt sends CSF to another part of the body, such as the belly area, where it can be absorbed.
Other treatments may include:
- A procedure called endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), which relieves pressure without replacing the shunt.
- Removing or burning away (cauterizing) the parts of the brain that produce CSF.
An intracranial hematoma is a collection of blood in the skull. It is often caused by trauma or a rupture of a blood vessel inside the brain.
Hematoma treatment often involves surgery:
- Surgical drainage: If the blood is localized and isn’t clotting a lot, your doctor might create a burr hole through your skull and use suction to remove the liquid.
- Craniotomy: Large hematomas may require your surgeon to open the skull to remove the blood.
Huntington’s disease is an inherited disease causing the degeneration of nerve cells in the brain. Huntington’s has a big impact on patient’s abilities and often results in cognitive, psychiatric and movement disorders.
Treatments can’t prevent the physical, mental and behavioral decline that results from this condition, but your MMG Neurologist can prescribe medications to help manage the symptoms of Huntington’s disease.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive nervous system disorder affecting movement. Symptoms start gradually. Oftentimes, it begins as a barely noticeable tremor in one hand. Although tremors is the symptom many associate with the disease, stiffness or slowing of movement is also common.
Although your Neurologist cannot cure your Parkinson’s, medications sometimes greatly improve symptoms. Sometimes your MMG Neurosurgeon may recommend surgery to improve your symptoms and regulate certain regions of your brain.
A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. It may cause changes in behavior, movements or feelings, and in levels of consciousness.
Most seizure disorders can be controlled with medication. Your MMG Neurologist will work with you to balance seizure control and medication side effects. He or she will order tests to rule out other conditions that cause seizures or similar symptoms.