Urological Conditions

Bladder, Urethral and Kidney Stones

Bladder, Urethral, and Kidney Stones are a buildup of minerals and salt deposits from within the body, most frequently calcium, in the form of small stones that pass through parts of your urinary tract. While some can pass on their own, some may grow to be larger and become obstructive to hollow passageways within the bladder, urethra, and kidney and require removal.

Incontinence

Incontinence refers to the inability to control the urge to urinate due to problems with the bladder and sphincter muscles. Due to the problems with these organs and muscles, one may urinate frequently and involuntarily.  There are four different types of urinary incontinence including Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI), Overactive Bladder (OAB), Overflow Incontinence, and Mixed Incontinence.

Prostate Cancer

The prostrate is a small walnut-shaped gland in a male that produces the seminal fluid that transports and nourishes sperm. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Early stage detection has better prognosis for successful treatment.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), also known as an enlarged prostate, is a common condition for older men and causes an enlarged and swollen prostate gland resulting in discomfort when urinating, UTis, and blood in urine. Risk factors of developing BPH include aging, family history, diabetes and heart disease, and lifestyle choices such as level of exercise and diet.

Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial Cystitis or Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS) patients typically experience  persistent or recurrent chronic pelvic pain, pressure, or discomfort perceived to be related to the urinary bladder accompanied by at least one other urinary symptom.

Urethral Disorders

Urethral disorders include Urethral Cancer (a rare cancer found in men), Urethral Stricture (a narrowing of the opening of the urethra), and Urethritis (inflammation of the urethra commonly caused by infection).

Voiding Dysfunction

Voiding Dysfunction is when there is a poor coordination between the muscles in the bladder and urethra. This can result in incomplete relaxation or over-activity of the pelvic floor muscles during urinating (these symptoms are also known as Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS)).

Peyronie’s Disease

Peyronie’s Disease is caused by internal scar tissue (plaque) in the penis. This will result in a bent, rather than straight, erect penis.

Varicocele

A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins within the skin sack that holds the testicles. This is typically characterized by a lump or swelling in one of the testicles, scrotal swelling, or recurring dull pain in the scrotum.

Overactive Bladder

Overactive Bladder (Also known as OAB) is a condition where you experience sudden urges to urinate that may be difficult to control. You may feel like you need to pass urine many times during the day and night. Some people experience urgency incontinence when they urinate involuntarily.

Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) is an infection that begins in any part of your urinary system including your kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. Symptoms include a burning feeling when you urinate, cloudy or dark or bloody urine with a strong odor, a feeling of tiredness or shakiness, fever or chills, or pain and pressure in your lower back. There are many causes for UTIs, and it’s important to visit your medical professional if you suspect you have a UTI at early detection for treatment.

Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer is a form of cancer found in a male’s testicles, part of the reproductive system. There are multiple different kinds of testicular cancer, which your doctor can help diagnose after viewing the cells.

Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction

Neurogenic bladder is the name given to a number of urinary conditions in people who lack bladder control due to a brain, spinal cord or nerve problem. This is commonly seen in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease, or diabetes. This can also occur after an infection of the brain or spinal cord, heavy metal poisoning, stroke, or spinal cord injuries.

Undescended Testicles (Cryptorchidism)

An undescended testicle (cryptorchidism) is when the testicle did not move into its proper position in the sack of skin hanging below the scrotum before birth. Most parents will detect this by the time their son reaches 4 months of age.

Urethral Stricture Disease

Urethral Stricture Disease is scarring in or around the urethra that narrows or blocks the passageway for urine to flow from the bladder. Symptoms include inflammation, infection, and injury.

Hyperoxaluria and Oxalosis

Hyperoxaluria and Oxalosis occurs when a patient has too much oxalate in their urine. Treatments can include medication, high fluid intake, and dietary changes.

Hydronephrosis

Hydronephrosis is the swelling of the kidney due to a build-up of urine. Causes included partial blockage to the urinary tract or Vesicoureteral Reflux. Symptoms include pain in the side and back that travel to the lower abdomen or groin, urinary problems, nausea and vomiting,  and fever.

Ureteral Obstruction

A ureteral obstruction is a blockage in one or both tubes of the urethra that carries urine from your kidney to your bladder.

Adrenal Tumors

Adrenal tumors form in the adrenal glands, which produce hormones that regulate different bodily functions in your endocrine system. Adrenal tumors can be benign, functional (pre cancerous), or malignant. Symptoms of adrenal tumors depend on the type and location, and common symptoms include a rise in blood pressure, unexplained weight gain or weakness, and dramatically increased thirst or urination.

Bladder and Kidney Cancer

The early stages of Bladder Cancer can be detected through abnormal urine test results, difficulty or pain urinating, frequent urination or blood in your urine. Kidney Cancer (or Renal Cancer)  can be detected through  blood in your urine, low back pain on one side, a lump on one side of your lower back, feeling tired, losing weight (especially if you aren’t trying to lose weight) or a fever that does not go away and is not from a cold. There are many treatment options upon diagnosis including advanced bladder reconstruction techniques, chemotherapy, cryoablation and immunotherapy.

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is the inability to keep an erection firm enough to complete sexual intercourse. This can be caused when there is a lack of blood flow entering the penis upon arousal. Causes of ED include but are not limited to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, anxiety or depression, drug or alcohol use, kidney disease, and low testosterone levels.

Hypospadias

Hypospadias is a birth defect in males in which the opening of the urethra is not located at the tip of the penis. There are three types of Hypospadias including Subcoronal (the opening of the urethra is located near the head of the penis), Midshaft (the opening of the urethra is located along the shaft of the penis) and Penoscrotal (the opening of the urethra is located where the penis and the scrotum meet).

Ureteral Blockage

A ureteral obstruction is a blockage in one or both tubes of the urethra that carries urine from your kidney to your bladder. Symptoms include pain in your abdomen and lower back, fever, nausea and vomiting, difficulty urinating, frequent urination, or blood in urine. Ureteral Blockage is curable, but early detection and treatment can reduce chances of serious symptoms.

Ureteral Cancer

Ureteral Cancer is a form of cancer found in the tubes (ureters) that connect your kidneys to your bladder.

Urethral Diverticulum

Urethral diverticulum (UD) is a rare condition in which a pocket, sac, or pouch forms in the urethra. UD is almost always found in women ages 30-60. Symptoms include frequent UTIs, bloody urine, painful sex, urinary incontenance, or unusual vaginal discharge.

Vesicoureteral Reflux

Vesicoureteral Reflux is the abnormal flow of urine between the bladder and ureters (tubes connecting the bladder and the kidneys).