Some of the reasons we see patients include:
A Pap smear tests for cervical cancer in women. During this procedure, your OB/GYN collects cells from your cervix. Early detection of cervical cancer with the help of a Pap smear gives you a better chance at a cure. Your Pap smear may also show changes in your cervical cells that predict that cancer may develop later on.
A doctor evaluates your reproductive organs during a pelvic exam. This is often part of your routine exam that accompanies a Pap test. You might have a pelvic exam as part of your regular checkup. Your doctor might also recommend a pelvic exam to discover the cause of unusual vaginal discharge or pelvic pain.
Birth Control Methods
Birth control (contraception) includes medication or devices used to prevent pregnancy. The type of birth control you use depends on several factors including your health, your desire to have children, and your need to prevent sexually transmitted infections. Your doctor can help you decide which type is best for you right now.
Your OB/GYN will work with you to achieve desired birth spacing and family size. Family planning contributes to improved health outcomes for infants and their mothers.
Sexually Transmitted Disease/Infection (STD/STI) Treatment
STDs or STIs are often treated with antibiotics or antiviral drugs. If you are pregnant and have an STI, getting treatment right away can prevent or reduce the risk of pregnancy complications, preterm delivery and passing the condition on to your unborn child.
During a clinical breast exam, your OB/GYN checks your breasts’ appearance. The skin covering your breasts is checked for any rash, dimpling, or other signs of abnormality. Your nipples may be examined to see if fluid is expressed when lightly squeezed.
Biopsies are minimally invasive procedures to collect small tissue samples for lab analysis. Our radiologists and technologists use state-of-the-art imaging equipment to produce high-quality images while focusing on patient safety and comfort.
Tubal ligation (also known as having tubes tied or tubal sterilization) is a surgical procedure and permanent birth control. Tubal ligation prevents an egg from traveling through the fallopian tubes as well as blocks sperm from traveling to the egg. The procedure does not affect the menstrual cycle. Tubal ligation can occur at any time, including after childbirth or in combination with another abdominal surgery, such as a c-section.
Menopause marks the end of your menstrual cycles. You receive your menopause diagnosis after 12 months without a menstrual period. The physical symptoms of menopause include hot flashes and emotional symptoms that can disrupt your sleep and lower your energy. Your OB/GYN will help you discover the best treatment from lifestyle changes to hormone therapy.
Hormonal Replacement Therapy (HRT)
During hormone replacement therapy, your doctor prescribes medications containing female hormones to replace the ones the body no longer makes after menopause. HRT treats common menopausal symptoms, including vaginal discomfort and hot flashes.
Bone is constantly broken down and replaced. Osteoporosis occurs when the creation of new bone doesn’t keep up with the loss of old bone. Osteoporosis is weakened and brittle bones that fracture from even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing. Osteoporosis-related fractures commonly occur in the spine, wrist or hip.
Domestic Violence Counseling
Your doctor can assist you if you are or have been in an abusive relationship. He or she may help treat anxiety, depression, panic attacks and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a result of the relationship. For immediate domestic violence assistance, call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1−800−799−7233.
Endometriosis is an often painful condition. During endometriosis, the endometrium tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly affects the tissue lining your pelvis, your fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs, but this is rare.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms may include breast tenderness, fatigue, mood swings, food cravings, irritability, and depression. Your OB/GYN may recommend lifestyle adjustments and treatments to help reduce or manage your symptoms.
Most couples receive an infertility diagnosis after being unable to conceive despite having frequent, unprotected sex for 12 months or longer.
Infertility may result from problems with male or female partners or a combination of both. Your OB/GYN can suggest various procedures, medications, and lifestyle changes, as well as refer you to appropriate specialists depending on your needs.
Nothing will for sure prevent gestational diabetes. Certain lifestyle choices can reduce your risk such as moderate exercise, healthy eating, and managing your weight. Your OB/GYN will screen you for gestational diabetes during your pregnancy and monitor you closely if you receive a gestational diabetes diagnosis.
Our healthcare professionals are here to help you understand your family’s genetic risk factors and achieve a healthy pregnancy. We also offer screening and diagnostic tests to determine your baby’s chances of having specific genetic disorders or whether or not certain conditions exist.
Mothers in a high-risk pregnancy can rest assured that they will receive exceptional care from our Maternal and Fetal Medicine Physician, the only Physician with such credentials in Southwest Oklahoma. Certain genetic conditions present in developing babies such as Down Syndrome or heart, kidney and lung problems deem a pregnancy high risk. Other factors put the mother at risk such as moms under 17 or over 35, drug, tobacco and alcohol usage, obesity, infections, and past history of miscarriages or preterm pregnancies.
Sometimes conditions occur during pregnancy which then causes complications requiring a higher level of care. Your OB/GYN can help manage these conditions such as ectopic pregnancy (an egg fertilized outside the uterus), twins or multiples, pre-term labor (labor before 37 weeks gestation) and pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure which leads to kidney and organ problems).
Pelvic Floor Disorders
Childbirth and other circumstances can weaken or damage the pelvic organs and pelvic floor, including the vagina, bladder, and bowel. These organs may descend through the vaginal opening, causing a variety of symptoms such as incontinence, prolapse, bladder emptying disorders or overactive bladder. Your OB/GYN can recommend various therapies or even surgery to correct these problems.
Pelvic Pain Management
Many disorders can cause pelvic pain. After discussing your family and personal health history, your doctor may conduct exams and order various diagnostic procedures such as pelvic exams, lab tests, ultrasounds, CT scans, and laparoscopy.
Vulvar pain symptoms include burning, itching, painful intercourse, painful urination, vaginal dryness and urethritis (inflammation of the urethra). Your OB/GYN will help diagnose and treat your symptoms which could result from a variety of conditions such as vaginitis and chronic yeast infections.
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors that grow inside or on the uterus. Symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding, prolonged menstrual bleeding, constipation, back or leg pain and urinary problems. After diagnosis via ultrasound, your OB/GYN can prescribe treatment if needed. Treatment may include medications to shrink fibroids, pain relievers and surgery.
The MMG Obstetrics and Gynecology team of physicians provide a wide range of gynecological procedures including:
Your doctor may wish for you to undergo a colposcopy if your Pap test result is abnormal. During this procedure, your vagina, cervix and vulva are checked for signs of disease. If your doctor finds unusual cells during the colposcopy, a tissue sample can be collected for biopsy.
Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside the uterus, diagnose and treat causes of abnormal bleeding. During this procedure, your doctor inserts a thin, lighted tube into the vagina.
Hysterectomy is a surgery to remove the uterus. At CCMH, we proudly offer laparoscopic hysterectomy procedures which are minimally invasive in comparison to traditional hysterectomy procedures. Your doctor may also remove the fallopian tubes and ovaries during surgery. After a hysterectomy, a woman no longer has menstrual periods and cannot become pregnant.
During amniocentesis, amniotic fluid is removed from the uterus during pregnancy. Amniotic fluid surrounds and protects a baby during pregnancy, and it contains fetal cells and various proteins. Your doctor may recommend this procedure for testing or treatment.
Laser surgery (burns or vaporizes abnormal cells or removes small sections of tissue). This is a noninvasive type of surgery with the goal of less pain for the patient, smaller incisions, and fewer complications.
Laparoscopic procedures are a minimally invasive approach to surgery. They allow patients the benefit of less pain, smaller incisions, fewer complications and often a shortened hospital stay.
Cryosurgery (cryotherapy) uses extreme cold from liquid nitrogen (argon gas) to destroy abnormal tissues. Cryosurgery treats external tumors, such as those on the skin. Cryosurgery also treats tumors inside the body. For these internal tumors, liquid nitrogen is circulated through a hollow instrument (cryoprobe) which is placed in contact with the tumor.
Endometrial ablation surgically destroys the endometrium (lining of the uterus). The goal of endometrial ablation is to reduce menstrual flow. In some women, however, menstrual flow can stop completely. During this procedure, your doctor inserts slender tools through the passageway between your vagina and uterus (cervix).